RenalNews: Common Habits That Damage the Kidney

  • Not drinking enough water
  • Consuming too much salt
  • Not emptying your bladder early
  • Not treating common infections quickly and properly
  • Consuming too much protein
  • Painkiller abuse
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Not resting enough
  • Not managing your diabetes or high blood pressure

RenalNews: Reasons to Get Tested For Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) is indeed a silent killer that creeps on you and most patients are unaware of it, until they are being rushed to the hospital; most often  having to start dialysis treatment within days. This is because symptoms of chronic kidney disease do not become apparent until the kidneys are functioning at only one tenth of the normal functioning.

Most humans are born with two kidneys, which rid the body of waste products and excess fluid, help in the regulation of the body’s water, salts and other chemicals in the blood, as well as remove drugs and toxins from the body. In addition to that, the kidneys help release hormones to the body that help to regulate the body’s blood pressure, make red blood cells and promote strong bones.

The leading causes of CKD are diabetes (44%) and high blood pressure (28%), as well as genetic and other causes.

Symptoms of CKD include anemia, edema (extra water); especially in the legs, ankles, face, and/or abdomen, changes in urination (more often or not as much), uremia build up, back or side pain, poor growth (especially in children), fatigue, metal taste in mouth, itchiness, strep throat, hypertension, diabetes; amongst others.

In the event that your kidneys stop working, your body will be unable to remove waste from your body, and you will now be diagnosed with end stage renal disease (ESRD) commonly referred to as kidney failure or Stage 5 CKD. Once diagnosed with ESRD, you’ll need dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.

As a result of ESRD, the patient may suffer from cardiovascular diseases (heart attacks, strokes), a weakened immune system, weak and brittle bones, hyperkalemia (increased potassium in the blood), and malnourishment, pericarditis (inflammation of the sac-like membrane around your heart), anemia, malnurishment, and an overall lower quality of life.

Chronic Kidney Disease meets the criteria to be considered a public health issue. CKD as a condition, places a large burden on society (in this case especially, as quite a number of patients in the African migrant community are undocumented), the burden is distributed unfairly among the overall population, evidence exists that preventive strategies that target economic, political, and environmental factors could reduce the burden, and lastly but not the least, evidence shows such preventive strategies are not yet in place (especially in the African migrant community). The National Institute of Health estimates that by 2020, nearly 785,000 people will be receiving treatment for kidney failure, costing an estimated $53.6 billion.

Although there is a dearth in the data available of the number of African immigrants suffering from CKD in the U.S, the prevalence of CKD in the community and in the U.S as a whole is higher than a decade ago According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), an estimated +10% of adults in the United States (more than 20 million people), may have CKD of varying seriousness. This is partly due to the increasing prevalence of the related diseases of diabetes and hypertension; as well as an increase in obesity in the entire population. Chances of CKD increases after age 50, occurring more commonly in adults with 70 years of age and older. It is estimated that CKD affects about 26 million adult Americans (4), and the number of individuals in this country with CKD will have progressed to kidney failure, requiring chronic dialysis treatment or a kidney transplant to survive will grow to 712,290 by 2015 (2). Kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the U.S. Furthermore, a task force of the American Heart Association noted that decreased kidney function has consistently been found to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes and will cause mortality, and that the increased risk is present with even mild reduction in kidney function.

Therefore, addressing kidney disease is a way to achieve one of the priorities in the National Strategy for Quality Improvement in Healthcare; Promoting the Most Effective Prevention and Treatment of the Leading Causes of Mortality, Starting with Cardiovascular Disease.

Undetected CKD can lead to costly debilitating irreversible kidney failure. However, cost effective interventions are available if patients are identified in the early stages of CKD. Prevention and treatment of risk factors to CKD is the most efficient way of reducing personal suffering and financial cost of CKD. Proper treatment of individuals already diagnosed with ESD can slow down how quickly the disease progresses and can minimize complications.

 Reasons to Get Tested For Chronic Kidney Disease

  •  You want to take an active role in your health care decisions
  • You want to learn how your kidneys contribute to your overall health
  • You want to learn how well your kidneys function or if you show sins of kidney impairment
  • You have a family history of kidney disease
  • You suffer from diabetes
  • You suffer from high blood pressure
  • You are overweight or obese
  • You are over age 50
  • You smoke tobacco
  • You are of African American, Hispanic, and Native American decent

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is a measure of how well your kidneys are working. It measures the functioning of the filters in your kidney.  Click on the following link to calculate your kidney function http://kidneytrust.org/learn/calculate-kidney-function/

 

With your support, The Iya Foundation, Inc is confident a feasible detection, surveillance and treatment program can be established to slow, and possibly prevent the progression of kidney disease in the African Immigrant community and in the United States as a whole. This will be done through screening of individuals at high risk of CKD such as those older than 50 years old, those with a history of diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and those with a family history of CKD.

 

 

Are You at Risk for Chronic Kidney Disease? Take the Iya Foundation’s CKD Quiz

Medical History

Do you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

  • Yes  
  • No

Do you have high blood pressure?

  • Yes
  • No

Does a close family member have kidney disease?

  • Yes
  • No

Were you a preemie?

  • Yes
  • No

Are you over age 50?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you smoke?

  • Yes
  • No

Are you African American, Hispanic, Native American Asian?

  • Yes
  • No

 

Symptoms

Is your urine: a dark color, foamy, a larger or smaller amount than usual, or do you get up at night to urinate?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you feel very tired or have muscle weakness?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you feel cold all the time?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you have pale skin, gums, or nails?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you have metallic taste in your mouth?

  • Yes
  • No

Have you stopped wanting to eat meat, chicken, or fish?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you feel sick to your stomach or throw up a lot?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you have any swelling in your hands, stomach, feet, or face?

  • Yes
  • No

Does your skin itch all over?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you feel short of breath even when you’re not active?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you have frequent strep throat?

  • Yes
  • No

Do you suffer from muscle cramps often?

  • Yes
  • No

 

RenalNews: Cytomegalovirus Infection and Its Link to Post Transplant Recipients

imagesCAJ211VUCytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most infectious complications that occur in kidney transplant recipients, as well as a significant cause of severe and occasionally life-threatening disease and death; causing approximately 30 – 75% of CMV related infections in the absence of any preventative therapy. These include other immuno-compromised patients like cancer patients, HIV infected patients, and patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs. Although a CMV infection is usually harmless, about 50-80 of 100 adults in the United States are infected with CMV by the time they are 40 years of age, and it stays in their body for the rest of their life.  The virus stays inactive most of the time, but can become active again and cause illness. Reactivation of the virus is the concern of persons with weakened immune systems as mentioned above because of the vast population of people who end up infected with CMV.

Causes of Cytomegalovirus Infection

  • During transplant when the CMV virus is contained within an organ obtained from a donor previously infected with CMV (Primary infection- when a CMV – naïve recipient is first exposed to the virus)
  • Transfusion of blood from a CMV-positive donor
  • Direct contact rom infected people to others though body fluids such as urine, saliva, or breast milk
  • Transmitted from pregnant woman to her fetus during pregnancy
  • Nosocomial infection

Note: CMV is sexually transmitted

Note: About 1 in 150 children are born with congenital CMV infection and may develop permanent problems such as hearing loss or developmental disabilities. However, infants and children who are infected with CMV after birth rarely have symptoms or problems.

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Symptoms of Cytomegalovirus Infection

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen glands

Note: These are symptoms of many other illnesses and so most people do not realize they have been infected with CMV.

Note: CMV is asymptomatic (without symptoms) in healthy children and adults.

Complications of Cytomegalovirus Infection in Kidney Transplant Recipients

There has been evidence of CMV infection associated with acute and chronic graft rejection in kidney transplant recipients as well as increased risk of death resulting from cardiovascular complication causes. Other complications include, sever pneumonia, CMV Gastrointestinal I disease, CMV encephalitis, diabetes, post-transplant lymph proliferative disorder (PTLD), and even death. 

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Treatment of Cytomegalovirus Infection

Although there is no drug licensed to treat congenital CMV infection, and limited data on the use of antiviral medications in infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection with central nervous system involvement, there are several drugs that have been developed and used for CMV prophylaxis after kidney transplantation, due to the substantial morbidity in solid organ transplant recipients. Some of these drugs include CMV immunoglobulin, Acyclovir, Valacyclovir, Ganciclovir, and Valganciclovir.

Note: Pediatricians and other specialists play an important role in making sure that children with congenital CMV infection are assessed and treated as needed.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/CMV/overview.html

Source: http://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=2007;volume=18;issue=4;spage=505;epage=511;aulast=Pescovitz#ref11

Photo Credit Source: http://www.thedrugmonitor.com/cmv-1.html

Photo Credit Source: http://www.kidneybuzz.com/kidney-transplant-recipients-not-out-of-the-woods-prevalent-and-serious-complication/

 

RenalNews: Strep Throat and Kidney Damage – Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN)

Strep throat is an infection in the throat and tonsils that causes pharyngitis, which is a sore throat accompanied with discomfort, pain, or scratchiness; usually making it hard to swallow. Group A Streptococcus bacteria is the germ which causes a strep throat infection. Click here for more information on the causes, symptoms, treatment, and how to prevent strep throat. Although symptoms of strep throat usually gets better within 24 – 48 hours, and treatment usually about 1 week with the use of antibiotics, untreated strep can lead to serious complications such as a rare kidney complication called post streptococcal glomerulonephritis.

Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN) is a disorder of the kidneys developed after an individual is infected with certain strains of Streptococcus bacteria and they let it go untreated. GN is a form of glomerulonephritis.

Causes of Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN)

Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN) may develop about 1 – 2 weeks after an untreated throat infection, or 3 – 4 weeks after a skin infection. The strep bacterial infection causes the tiny vessels in the filtering units of the kidneys (glomeruli) to become inflamed; making the kidneys less able to filter.

Usually, the infection does not occur in the kidneys but in a different part of the body such as the skin and the throat.

Risk Factors:

  1. Strep Throat
  2. Streptococcal skin infections (such as impetigo)

Symptoms of Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN)

As earlier mentioned, symptoms of Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN) may develop about 1 – 2 weeks after an untreated throat infection, or 3 – 4 weeks after a skin infection. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Decreased urine output
  • Rust colored urine
  • Swelling (edema) – general swelling of the abdomen, swelling of the face or eyes, swelling of the feet, ankles, hands
  • Visible blood in the urine
  • Joint pain
  • Joint stiffness or swelling

How to Tell You Have Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN)

Physical Exam:

  • Shows swelling (edema), especially in the face
  • Abnormal sounds when listening to the heart and lungs with a stethoscope (auscultation)
  • Blood pressure is often high

Tests

  • Anti-DNase B
  • Kidney biopsy
  • Serum ASO (and streptolysin O)
  • Serum complement levels
  • Urinalysis

 

Treatment of Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN)

With no specific treatment for post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, treatment is usually focused on relieving symptoms. Such treatments may include:

  • Blood pressure medications and diuretic medications may be to control swelling and high blood pressure
  • Antibiotics (used to destroy and streptococcal bacteria that remain in the body)

Other common treatment includes:

  • Salt limitation in diet to control swelling and high blood pressure

Although Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN) is rare today because treatment with antibiotics is usually effective in getting rid of the strep bacteria in the throat and skin, a small percentage of adults however end up with chronic kidney failure…end stage renal disease, which requires dialysis and a kidney transplant.

Prevention of Strep Throat

Treatment of streptococcal infections including the risk factors:

  1. Strep Throat
  2. Streptococcal skin infections (such as impetigo)

Possible Complications of Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (GN)

Although post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis usually goes away by itself after several weeks to months, it may sometimes get worse in certain adults, and lead to chronic kidney failure, and other complications including:

  • Acute renal failure
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis
  • Chronic renal disease
  • Congestive heart failure or pulmonary edema
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Hyperkalemia
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Nephrotic syndrome

 Source: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000503.htm

RenalNews: Strep Throat

Untreated strep can lead to serious complications such as a rare kidney complication called post streptococcal glomerulonephritis.”

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Strep throat is an infection in the throat and tonsils that causes pharyngitis, which is a sore throat accompanied with discomfort, pain, or scratchiness; usually making it hard to swallow. Group A Streptococcus bacteria is the germ which causes a strep throat infection.

Causes of Strep Throat

Although anyone can contract Strep throat, it is common in children between ages 5 and 15, and spreads through a person to person contact with fluids from the nose or saliva (such as droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze). Those infected are advised not to share their drinking glass or eat with others from the same plate, as the infection could spread through such contact.

Strep throat can also be caused from contact with sores from group A strep skin infections.   

 Common Symptoms of Strep Throat

  •        Sore throat, usually starting quickly
  •        Severe pain when swallowing
  •        Fever (101 degrees Fahrenheit or above)
  •        Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus
  • Tiny red spots (petechiae) on the soft or hard palate – the area at the back of the roof of the mouth
  • Headache
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Body aches
  • Rash (scarlet fever-like rash, which appears first on the neck and chest, and then spreads all over…may feel like sandpaper)
  • Loss of appetite or abnormal taste
  • Chills

Note: Although there are different strains of strep throat, the symptoms are similar, and are mostly caused by viruses, not bacteria. Call your doctor or healthcare provider once you develop symptoms of strep throat.

How to Tell You Have a Strep

Your healthcare provider would have to do a test (usually a quick swab of the throat) to determine if you have a strep throat (note, just looking at your throat is not enough to make a diagnosis). If your doctor strongly suspects a strep infection despite a negative result from the quick test, he/she may request a throat swab that will be cultured to see if a strep grows from it.

Treatment of Strep Throat

A positive test of strep throat would require treatment with antibiotics. Treatment usually last ten days, but most people start feeling better within 48hours of taking antibiotics.

Note: Call your doctor or healthcare provider if you don’t feel better within 24-48 hours.

Tips to Help Your Sore Throat Feel Better

  • Drink warm liquids such as lemon tea or tea with honey
  • Gargle several times a day with salt water (1/2 tea spoon of salt in 1 cup water)
  • Drink cold liquids or suck on popsicles
  • Suck on hard candies or throat lozenges (avoid giving young children these as they could choke on them)
  • A cool-mist vaporizer or humidifier can moisten and soothe a dry and painful throat
  • Try over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Prevention of Strep Throat

  • Wash your hands often and avoid sharing eating utensils (for example, fork or cups)
  • If infected, make sure to wash your hands often and cover your coughs and sneezes
  • Stay home from work, school, or daycare until you have been n antibiotics for at least one day (24 hours)
  • Get a new toothbrush after you are no longer contagious but before finishing the antibiotics (otherwise, the bacteria can live in the tooth brush and re-infect you when the antibiotics are done
  • Keep the family’s toothbrushes and utensils separate, unless the utensils have been washed

Note: There are individuals who are strep carriers, meaning they have strep in their throats, but they don’t get sick from the bacteria. If repeated cases of strep occur in the family, check to see if someone is a strep carrier. Treating strep carriers can prevent others from getting strep throat.

Possible Complications

Although symptoms of strep throat usually get better in about 1 week, untreated strep can lead to serious complications such as a rare kidney complication called post streptococcal glomerulonephritis.

Other complications include:

  • Rheumatic fever (an inflammatory disease that can affect the heart, joints, skin, and brain)
  • Ear infection
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Guttate psoriasis
  • Mastoiditis
  • Peritonsillar abscess
  • Scarlet fever
  • Sinusitis

 

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/features/strepthroat/

Source: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000639.htm

 

 

RenalNews: What You Need to Know About Bacterial Vaginosis and Your Kidneys

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Are You A Woman? Then You Can Get Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

What Is Bacterial Vaginosis

BV is an infection caused when too much of a certain bacteria change the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina. Any woman can get Bacterial Vaginosis (BV), and is common in women ages 15-44. Studies show that having BV could increase your chances of getting a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD). Please note, there is no known connection of BV and kidney damage.

Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis

  •        Thin white or gray vaginal discharge
  •        Odor
  •        Pain
  •        Itching
  •        Burning in the vagina
  •        Some women have a strong fish-like odor (especially after sex)
  •        Some women experience burning while urinating

Note: Some women with BV are asymptomatic (no symptoms). To know if you have BV, your doctor or health care provider will look at your vagina for signs of BV and perform laboratory tests on a sample of vaginal fluid to determine if BV is present. A pelvic exam may be performed to check for BV.

Note: Pregnant women can also get BV, and are more likely to have babies born premature (early) or with low birth weight (baby that weighs less than 5.5 pounds at birth). Once diagnosed with BV, pregnant women must seek treatment immediately.

How Is Bacterial Vaginosis Spread?

Although the cause of BV is not exactly clear, it is however linked to an imbalance of ‘good’ and ‘harmful’ bacteria that are normally found in a woman’s vagina. Studies also show that, having a new sex partner or multiple sex partners, as well as douching, can upset the balance of bacteria in the vagina and so put women at increased risk for getting BV. Other ways include:

  •        Antibiotic use
  •        Using an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control
  •        Smoking

Note: BV is not considered an STD, but could increase your chances of getting one (such as HIV, Gonorrhea, or Chlamydia). BV could affect women who have never had sex.

How to Avoid Getting Bacterial Vaginosis

Since doctors and scientists are not entirely clear on how BV is spread, there are no best ways to prevent it. However, the following are basic prevention steps that may help lower your risk of developing BV.

  •        Abstinence (not having sex)
  •        Limiting your number of sex partners
  •        Not douching

Can Bacerial Vaginosis be Cured?

Once diagnosis confirm that you have BV, it is important that you take all of the medicine prescribed to you, even if the symptoms go away. BV can be treated with antibiotics, although it could recur after treatment. Treatment of BV could reduce your risk for contracting STDs.

Although male sex partners of women diagnosed with BV generally do not need to be treated, BV may be transferred between female sex partners.

Bacterial Vaginosis and Your Kidneys

There is no known connection between BV and kidney damage, and CDC does not consider BV an STD. However, any infection in the vagina that could travel to the bladder and urethra, could easily travel to the kidneys and be harmful to them.

Resources:

http://www.cdc.gov/std/bv/stdfact-bacterial-vaginosis.htm

RenalNews: Urinary Tract Infection and Your Kidneys

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Have you ever experienced pain during urination? Or have this urgent and frequent need to urinate? If the answer is yes, then you may have or are suffering from a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). The above stated are some of the symptoms associated with a UTI and must be treated immediately. In most cases, UTIs can be treated successfully without causing kidney damage; however, UTIs that go for long periods of time untreated could lead to kidney damage. You definitely don’t want that happening to you.

UTIs are a burden that millions of people endure every year, and although men do develop them, UTIs are mostly common in women, and are the most prevalent type of infection for women to contract…affecting one in five women at least once every year.

Causes of UTI

The urinary tract is made up of the bladder, urethra, and two ureters and kidneys. Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) occur when bacteria gets into the urinary tract and multiply. Usually a UTI is caused when bacteria enters the urinary tract and travels up to the bladder, causing redness, swelling, and pain. If a UTI is not treated promptly, the bacteria can move up to the kidneys and cause a more serious type of infection, such as Pyelonephritis.

Types of UTI

imagesuti4

As earlier mentioned the most common UTIs occur mainly in women and affect the bladder and urethra.

  • Infection of the bladder: UTIs that are in the bladder are usually caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli). E. coli is a type of bacteria that is commonly found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Infection of the bladder is also known as cystitis and occurs as a result of sexual intercourse…note you don’t have to be sexually active to develop cystitis. However, all women are at risk of cystitis because of the female anatomy…specifically the short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the bladder.
  • Infection of the urethra: UTIs that occur in the urethra are as a result of bacteria spreading from the anus to the urethra. Infection in the bladder is also called Urethritis and can also be caused by sexually transmitted infections such as herpes, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, mostly due to the female anatomy…specifically the short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the bladder. A lot of new brides who engage in frequent sexual intercourse tend to suffer from urethritis, hence it is also referred to as the honeymoon UTI.

Symptoms of UTI

imagesuti3

  • Burning sensation (pain) during urination
  • Urgent need to urinate (often with only a few drops of urine to pass)
  • Frequent need to urinate (often with only a few drops of urine to pass)
  • Itchiness around your genital area
  • Strong odor to the urine

Note: If the infection spreads to the kidneys and becomes more severe, it may result in pain in the lower back, as well as fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting. Make sure you see your doctor immediately if you have any these symptoms.

People More Susceptible to UTIs

Anyone could get UTIs, but some people are more likely than others to get them. The following are people who are more prone to getting UTIs;

  • Women: As earlier mentioned, women get UTIs more often than men do, again, possibly due to their anatomy; a shorter urethra which may make it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder
  • Diabetes Patients: Individuals with diabetes experience changes in their body’s defense system that may make it easier for them to get UTIs
  • Transplant Recipients: Transplant recipients have a compromised immune system due to the anti rejection medications they take, hence they may be prone to getting UTIs
  • People with a kidney stone or an enlarged prostate gland may have their urine flow blocked, which can cause a UTI. Men who get UTIs often have an enlarged prostate gland.

Note: Although pregnant women are NOT likely to get UTIs, UTIs may be more serious during pregnancy because they are more likely to travel to the kidneys. A pregnant woman with a UTI should consult her doctor to avoid potential problems like high blood pressure and premature delivery of the baby.

Treatment of UTI

After your health care team has tested your urine for bacteria and blood cells and confirmed a UTI, antibiotics may also be tested to see which one the bacteria is sensitive to, and so determine which one will work best against the bacteria. Relief of symptoms usually occurs within one or two days after treatment with antibiotics has begun; but doctors usually ask that the antibiotic be taken for one or two weeks to make sure the infection has been cured. Other therapies that could help relief some of the symptoms include dinking plenty of water to flush out the kidneys, pain killers to help relief pain during urination, heating pad, and cranberry juice or pills.

What to do if Infection Persists Even after Treatment

If your UTI doesn’t go away despite treatment, revisit your doctor right away. Your doctor may have to do the following to determine the cause and so be able to further find relief for you.

  • Ultrasound exam: This exam gives a picture of your kidneys and bladder using sound waves
  • Cytoscopic Exam: During this exam, a hollow tube with special lenses is used to look inside the bladder
  • Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP): This is a type of x-ray which involves injecting a dye into a vein and taking pictures of the kidneys and bladder

If repeated UTIs occur within a short period of time, say about 3 or more times a year, your doctor may also recommend either of the following:

  • To take low doses of an antibiotic for six months or more
  • To take a single dose of an antibiotics after having sex
  • To take an antibiotic for one or  two days when symptoms occur

How to Prevent UTIs

  1. Drink Plenty of Fluids; Preferably water; to flush out your kidneys. However, evidence suggests that drinking cranberry juice or taking cranberry pills may reduce the chances of developing a UTI …this is because it contains compounds that may stop certain bacteria from attaching to the urinary tract wall
  2. Avoid Holding Your Pee: Do not delay going to the bathroom whenever you need to urinate
  3. Wipe From Front to Back: After using the bathroom, always wipe from front to back to prevent bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract from entering the urinary tract
  4. Cleanse your genital area daily
  5. Cleanse your genital area before and after sex
  6. Wear clean under garments

Children and UTIs

imagesbaby

Although less predominantly, children too sometimes get UTIs. UTIs in children is mostly common in girls between ages 4 and 8. Also, infants born with an abnormality of their urinary tract have an increase chance of getting a UTI. Some of the symptoms of UTI in children are similar to those in adults. Parents should watch out for the following signs of a possible UTI in their children:

  • Low fever
  • Irritability
  • New day or night wetting in a child who has been dry
  • As in adults, frequent urination, pain during urination, strong odor to the urine, cloudy or blood stringed urine

Note: If infection spreads to the kidneys, the child may also have high fever, back pain, and experience vomiting.

RenalNews: The Iya Project 2014 Financial Assistance Program Applications for Low Income Dialysis and Kidney Transplant Recipients Is Now Available

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The Iya Project 2014 Financial Assistance Program Applications for Low Income Dialysis and Kidney Transplant Recipients Is Now Available

The Iya Project Trust has opened up applications for our first round of financial aid to dialysis patients through our TIP Financial Assistance Program (TIP–FAP). TIP–FAP provides grants of up to $1000 to low income uninsured Dialysis and Kidney Transplant recipients.

This initial round of TIP-FAP is being offered to residents of New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts, and Washington DC. For more information about TIP-FAP program and to obtain an application, visit www.theiyaproject.org/blog or email us directly at theiyaproject@gmail.com

Dialysis is a long and expensive medical treatment and people on dialysis face very tough financial challenges. A majority of kidney transplant recipients also face financial hardships due to the lack of coverage by prescription (Rx) health plans; especially for patients under 65 years of age, who after three years post transplant, lose their Medicare/Medicaid coverage.

TIP-FAP was created to help alleviate some of the financial stress these patients have to go through.

imagesCAP9N8OSWith your support, The Iya Foundation, Inc is confident a feasible early detection, surveillance and treatment program can be established to slow, and possibly prevent the progression of kidney disease in the U.S, and particularly in the African Immigrant Community in the U.S.

Click here to support The Iya Foundation, Inc.

RenalNews: Spring Clean Your Medicine Cabinet

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As the weather slowly gets warmer, and the days are getting longer; we can conveniently say Spring has officially sprung. Hence, the time honored ritual; spring cleaning.

Almost always neglected in this ritual, are your medicine cabinets. Chances are, if you open up your medicine cabinet, you’ll find some old prescription bottles or maybe some leftover medication that “might come in handy someday.” In actuality, those medications may have expired and may cause more harm than you realize.

It is therefore very important to extend spring cleaning to your medicine cabinet and here are 6 tips to get you started:

Check the Dates: Examine everything in your medicine cabinet, including ointments, creams, supplements and vitamins. Discard anyitem that is beyond the expiration date. Many medications lose their effectiveness after the expiration date. Some may even be toxic. For prescriptions, follow the one year cut off rule. Discard any prescription medications that are more than one year old.

Ditch Any Items That Have Changed Color, Smell or Taste: This includes any colors that have faded, because they may have been exposed to too much light or moisture.

Discard Unmarked Containers: If something is no longer in its original container and cannot be identified, get rid of it. In the future, try to always keep medications in their original containers so that you can easily recognize every medication. This includes ointments, since these can easily be mistaken for creams and vice versa.

Consider the Location of Your Medicine Cabinet: Many people don’t realize that the bathroom cabinet is not the best place to store medication. The temperature and humidity changes that take place while the shower is running can lower the potency of your medication. Medications should be kept in a cool dry place, away from children. Consider a drawer in your dresser or a lock box in your closet. Using the same location will help to maintain the same temperature.

Be Careful About Throwing Out Medication: Because of the potential harm to the environment, it is NOT recommended to simply throw out medication or flush them down the toilet. However, some medications can be flush down the toilet or sink. Click here to checkout FDA’s recommended list of medications that can be flushed out.

You can also find additional instructions on how to dispose medicines on DailyMed by searching on the drug name.

Here are some simple steps to dispose certain medications in the household trash:

Place all medication in a sealable bag. If there are solid medications, add some water so they can dissolve. Add kitty litter, coffee grounds, saw dust, or any material that mixes well and makes it unappealing children, animals or anyone else to consume. Seal the bag and put it in the trash.

Remove any identifying information on the prescription bottle (like the label), clean and recycle.

Your local pharmacy, fire and police department or Drug Enforcement Agency may also be able to assist in disposing of medication in a safe manner. As a matter of fact this weekend April 26, 2014 is the National Prescription Drug Take-Back Day checkout http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_disposal/takeback/index.html to locate a collection site near you.

With your support, The Iya Foundation, Inc is confident a feasible early detection, surveillance and treatment program can be established to slow, and possibly prevent the progression of kidney disease in the U.S, and particularly in the African Immigrant Community in the U.S.

Click here to support The Iya Foundation, Inc.